Hangklip, close to Betty's bay in 1778. There were pigs on board the ship, which were rescued and it is and
their consequent progeny was spelt in various ways, such as Coalbrook, Coalbroek and Kolbrooke.
No wonder that some people believe that the name refers to the spotted appearance of the animal.
Kolbroek meaning spotted pants in Afrikaans. See the section on the color of the breed.
The other theory (more realistic) is that the pigs were introduced during the 15th century by the Portuguese –
since the sea route from the Cape to India was exclusively in the hands of the Portuguese. Having had the
monopoly in route, it is apparent that pigs were used for barter (fruit, butter, vegetables, eggs, etc).
The type of pig is believed to be originated from China – thus apparently a significant infusion of Sus Indica
(a Chinese pig).
The Kolbroek is an excellent forager and will eat almost anything edible, whether it is fallen fruit in the
orchard, vegetable waste from the kitchen or crop residues from the market garden. It can survive on very little.
It is very hardy, a good forager, and appears to have more immunity to the ordinary pig diseases than our
improved pig breeds. The sows are moderately prolific, excellent mothers, usually having plenty of milk. The
litter size of the Kolbroek sows normally varies from six to nine piglets most of which tend to survive through
to weaning at six to eight weeks.
The Kolbroek is a versatile pig. The breed is well suited for keeping on small farms and small holdings or
close to feedlots and milking sheds, especially when they are crossed with other breeds such as the Duroc and
Large White for marketing the progeny at 90-100 days of age. When it's crossed, the resultant hybrid vigor is
pronounced in superior performance of the progeny through improved growth rates, feed conversion, grading
and carcass quality.
STANDARDS OF EXCELLENCE
The Kolbroek's overall color varies from black with white legs to grey or light ginger with grey or white legs.
Prominent white spots (which should be round) are normally found on the flanks and hindquarters of the animal.
There is usually a typically long mane on the animals, which bristles up when the animal is infuriated.
The profile of the face is concave with medium long ears. The ear orientation is lateral. The snout is short.
Short and broad.
BACK AND LOIN
The back and loin is short, broad and compact.
The body frame is small and short of length compared to the other pig breeds in South Africa. It has a potbelly,
which is a characteristic of the breed. The fat belly almost reaches the ground and contains an accumulation of
Short but very deep.
The hams are fairly well developed.
The legs are short, generally down on the pasterns with fine bone, none of which seem to hinder their gait or
movement. They are extremely good walkers. The hooves are dark in color and can grow out substantially due
to lack of exercise.
The tail is of medium length and straight.
The Kolbroek has a very docile temperament and is not stress susceptible.
1. Underline / belly that carries too low
2. Excessively long grown out clays
3. Overwhelmingly white coat color
4. Total black or overwhelmingly black coat color
5. Lack of pigmentation around the nose, eyes, ears, underline, vulva and testicles
1. Ill or bad tempered animals
2. Color pattern that deviate more than 30% from the breed standards
3. Uneven testicles and very small testicles
4. Small and upturned vulva
5. Visible genetic abnormalities